Two Types of Orchids: Terrestrial and Epiphytic Orchids

Orchids are a popular house plant with over thousands of species in existence. Surprisingly, there are basically only two types of orchids, the terrestrial and the epiphytic. Each species can be classified between the two.

The main difference between these two types is where they grow. Terrestrial orchids grow in the soil on the ground, while epiphytic orchids grow on structures like trees, rocks and poles.

Many people think of orchids as showy plants that are grown in pots or inside a greenhouse, but did you know that they can also be grown in your garden, on the ground? Terrestrial orchids flourish growing in the soil, preferring their roots to be planted firmly on the earth.

Over 200 species of orchids are included among terrestrials, and many of them grow wild in the tropical areas in America. Though most orchids prefer hot, humid climates, many terrestrials actually thrive in cold weathers. Some even need the sub-freezing temperature to bloom properly. Similar to other bulb plants, these orchids become dormant during the winter before blooming again during spring.

Some terrestrial orchids can actually grow both in the soil and on structures, and these are called semi-terrestrials. A well-known orchid that is semi-terrestrial in nature is the Cymbidium. It is native to Southeast Asia, Japan and even Australia. Cymbidiums are popular among home gardeners because they are easy to grow and provide beautiful, fragrant flowers.

Typically, the orchids that people grow at home on a pot are epiphytic orchids. To properly care for this type of orchid, you need to understand how they grow naturally. Generally, these orchids grow in between tree branches where organic matter accumulates. This is where they get their nutrients to thrive properly.

To grow epiphytic orchids at home, you need to have a pot with drainage holes as well as a potting mixture that drains well. These plants need circulating air and good water drainage to flourish.

Some examples of epiphytic orchids that can be grown well in a pot include the Phalaenopsis, Cattleya, Oncidium and Vanda. All of these prefer a warm, humid climate and enjoy both the sun and shade.

Both types of orchids are similar in the fact that they grow beautiful flowers in a rainbow of colors, have wonderful fragrances, and exist in a great variety of sizes and shapes. This makes orchids an interestingly unique flower that you can grow at home and enjoy for years to come.…

Menu Development for a Startup Restaurant

This article is designed for an Independent restaurant startup, and not an existing proven restaurant concept, or a restaurant franchise that is providing franchise style operating systems. In designing your menu, consider why you have selected the menu items and how they relate to your service system; be it fast food, fast casual or fine dining. Ie making a Caesar salad table side does not work in a fast food restaurant. The menu and your service system are the foundation of your restaurant and must be compatible. Begin with what you personally feel would be the right menu for your concept. Do not focus only on what is practical and functional. By focusing only on the practical aspects of a menu, you will lose inspiration and creativity. Only after you have settled on what you think are the most appealing items for your menu is it time to consider their practicality.

Cost of product is a main consideration. For example, if your concept is fast-casual, then your price point will probably be in the $ 6.00 to $ 14.00 range. But since the wholesale cost of lobster or a prime cut of New York steak takes you out of the fast-casual ballpark, they would not be compatible with the pricing of your menu. Your pricing must reflect your decor and service. A high-end gourmet menu would be completely out of place in a fast food outlet, with its simple decor and speedy service.

Another consideration is the skill level of your employees. If you plan on opening a fast-food or fast-casual restaurant, you need to hire kitchen personnel which skills are commensurate with a pay scale driven by your menu price points. Conversely, a gourmet, table-side service restaurant, with higher menu price points, requires a higher level of employee skills and experience, and obviously a more appropriate pay scale.

The equipment needed for certain menu items is an important factor. The tools and equipment for a restaurant may differ from those of a construction company, but both are equally critical to getting the job done correctly. Your menu will dictate the needed equipment and its related cost. For example, do you need a grill, or a deep fat fryer? If so, then you will need to factor in the cost of a grease trap and a vented hood with fire suppression equipment. This can easily add $ 25,000 to $ 50,000 to your equipment package.

Inventory requirements are another essential factor. In designing a menu, how you determine its offers is critical to controlling your food and labor costs. Consider the number of items on the menu: the more you offer the more labor hours it takes to prep and serve each dish in a timely manner. An excess in inventory is money sitting on the shelf. And, the more menu items and ingredient inventories you have to account for, the more waste you are likely to incur. An important corollary of this – think how to wheel menu items …

Home Vegetable Garden – Planning Your Garden Year After Year

Humans tend to be creatures of habit – I know I am. So when I first started vegetable gardening, my instinct was to find a spot for my tomatoes and then plant them there year after year. However, as I later learned, this was not good for my garden. Diversity is what a garden needs – the systematic rotation of plants from different families. There is a technical term for this: “crop rotation”.

Crop rotation in a home vegetable garden requires planning the location of each planting to ensure you are not planting a vegetable from the same family of vegetables in the same location in a three year cycle. Crop rotation is an important part of an organic gardening strategy, helping gardeners:

* Protect against pests and diseases

Vegetables in the same plant family are often susceptible to the same pests and diseases; crop rotation helps protect vegetables by making the location less hospitable to these organisms. By introducing a vegetable in a different family, the pests and diseases die off due to lack of a food source.

* Guard against nutrient depletion

Vegetables in different families have different nutrient requirements. By rotating plant families, you are less likely to deplete the soil of individual nutrients. Some vegetables (like beans and peas), actually add nitrogen to the soil. So rotating beans and peas with vegetables that require a lot of nitrogen can be an effective strategy for protecting soil fertility.

* Improve soil structure

Healthy soil contains a lot of organic material which is home to a host of beneficial microbes. These microbes play an important role in maintaining good soil structure, making it easier for vegetables to grow as roots have an easier time penetrating the soil. Crop rotation protects these microbes by helping the soil retain its organic matter.

To be successful with a crop rotation program, gardeners need to keep records from year to year in order to track the location of each planting within the vegetable garden. Without detailed records, it would be difficult to manage a crop rotation program. For those who do not enjoy record keeping, you can use a garden planner application which handles the tracking for you and places plants in the optimal location considering crop rotation requirements.…

Raised Bed Gardening A Gardening Idea For This Weekend

Raised Bed Gardening What do you mean by raised beds ? A raised bed is a framed planting area which the soil exists above the surrounding ground level. The bed size is anything that enables you to work on without stepping directly onto the bed of soil itself. Why have raised bed gardens ? There are many reasons people decide to make use of raised bed gardens. For example: raised bed gardening gives you much better soil conditions. Pests are far easier to control. If the raised bed is at least 2 feet or 60cm high then you will have a better back with far less bending to dig or harvest crops. And finally you will conserve water as more water reaches the plant roots meaning you use less. Every time you walk up and down a non raised bed garden you typically compress the soil.

Occasionally the earth becomes hard and compacted creating various problems for plant roots, drainage problems and of course future digging difficulties. How do I make a raised bed garden? You can make frames out of old railway sleepers for that chunky look or old floorboard planks. However it is better to use pressure treated timber. As this will last longer and there will be less danger of damage to the crops from using preserving treatments like creosote. Mark out where you would like to place these raised beds by using flour, sand or even lay out a hosepipe. Then knock in some short stakes of 12 inches or 30cms at each corner. Tie string between the stakes to work out your levels.

Then fix the frame to the stakes. Remove any vegetation by digging it out or using sheets of old cardboard. The cardboard can be left in place for a few months and then removed or if it is thin enough it can be left there as it will eventually rot away. The frame can now be filled with soil up to the level edge of the frame.Try not to make the bed more than 4ft or just over a meter in width. Or if you do then you must have a plank of wood to stand on that is long enough to rest on the edges of the frame. You can have the length any with the only limitation being the length of the garden or plot. For low growing crops it is best to have the beds in a north south orientation as this way the plants will get maximum light exposure on both sides of the bed. Taller crops such as runner beans would be better in an east west configuration with ground level crops on the south side.Here is a project for you this weekend. The simple guide to creating a raised bed garden .

4 Delightful Garden Design Ideas for Your Hospitality Business

How to design a garden setting? If it’s been a while you’re in the hospitality industry, then it’s probably not the first time you ask this question. Actually, every single time a change needs to be done to the outdoors, this question pops in first. Although there’s no One Way of creating an outdoor living, you can follow some garden design ideas to have an attractive setting.

As a hospitality furniture company, we find it our duty to share with you and our clients, some garden design ideas to greet guests in a welcoming way. So take notes, and consider using these 4 trends:

Adopting vertical gardening

When designing the outdoors, restaurants, hotels and resorts mostly focus on the horizontal space by carefully choosing the garden furniture and coming up with a plan for the setup. However, what is usually forgotten is the decoration of the garden or patio’s vertical space. Most gardens contain plants, flowers, and statues, but forget to add a special vertical touch. A good addition would be the Greens collection from the outdoor furniture brand Maiori. Greens are planters with a simple drip watering system allowing water to flow from top to bottom, eliminating water paddles and overwatering.

Creating a semi enclosed outdoor living room

What’s the use of taking care of your garden and designing your patio if you won’t welcome guests in the open air? One trend to follow is by creating a semi enclosed outdoor room with 3 walls and a ceiling. This area will include restaurants tables and chairs, or hotel outdoor furniture to create a unique experience. The secret recipe to building a cozy space is by keeping the feeling of an outdoor area so guests enjoy the beautiful weather.

Placing a garden pergola

Another trend to receive guests in the outdoors is to install a pergola in the middle of the garden. This feature allows visitors to sit, eat, or relax on outdoor furniture, and at the same time to stay protected from direct sunlight. The pergola can either be made from wood or, for a more luxurious style, from aluminum. For example, Jardinico introduces Attitude, an outdoor umbrella that is used as gazebo.

Mixing new and old in the garden

Unless the theme of your business is to give a classical style by using old-looking furniture, it is time to start combining different approaches. After talking, in a previous article, about mixing and matching different materials and styles, now is the time to blend old and new outdoor furniture together. The only rule here is to smoothly pair the two styles as some elements might not go well together.

In order to bring these garden design ideas to life, it would be wise to get the help of a hospitality furniture company that can assist you with the proper planning. A lot of details can be overlooked by businesses, while remaining an important aspect for any outdoor furniture supplier.…

Brick Wall Ideas For Landscaping

If you are looping for some great brick wall ideas for landscaping, why not visit your local home improvement store? They usually offer a full range of books on all major home improvement topics. These books will have lots of full color photos and designs that will gave you endless ideas for using brick walls when landscaping. Of course, doing an online search is also an option. Just by doing a quick Google search you will be able to find lots of free images, layouts and design ideas. These can also be very useful to get ideas from and will help you in the planning stage of your landscaping project.

When doing the actual landscaping work you will find that working with brick is very different from working with plants or even rocks. Your reasons for using brick will usually have very little to do with your garden, flower beds or turf lawn. If you are not sure of what your options are exactly, you may want to ask an expert ñason for advice. Brick walls can present challenges you may not be aware of. Some walls can only be built to a certain height before they become unstable. Others will need to be built with a solid footing in order to ensure their stability.

One popular and attractive way to use brick walls is by making a wall that has lattice patterns in it. You can make plants grow around the openings and they provide a way to peek into the yard, sparking people’s curiosity. If you like you can also make openings for your pets or even bigger ones for people to walk trough. Another option is to include shelves for plants, pots and other decorative objects. You can also make curved walls, use different colors of brick, the options are endless.…

Various Types Of Bonsai Trees

Some people believe Bonsai trees are a particular species, but any kinds of plants, shrubs or trees can be grown using Bonsai growing techniques. Bonsai is an Oriental-based art form that involves miniaturizing any species, but trees and shrubs are favorite choices. Various types of Bonsai trees may include elms, oaks, maples and cedars or pines, and junipers are interesting when miniaturized.

Growing Bonsai trees started as a Japanese art, but it spread to the Chinese, making these two countries some of the largest exporters of Bonsai soil, planters and tools. There really aren’t many secrets to be learned, because growing various types of Bonsai trees has become popular, throughout the world. The key is properly pruning, training branches and of course confining roots is important, to miniaturizing any species.

You can select fruit bearing trees, like a lemon tree or a flowering shrub, such as an azalea. They will still produce flowers and fruit, once they have matured, but they will be miniature in size, when using these growing techniques, properly. Some people choose to start a Bonsai orange tree or grapefruit tree, from seeds of their store-bought fruits. Since a Bonsai tree can grow for 100 years, you may find these trees will flower, bear fruit and dropped seeds may start an offspring of your flowering or fruit bearing Bonsai tree.

It isn’t unusual to find Gingko, Fichus, Jade, Mimosa or other types of ornamental species and Oriental miniature species are used in Bonsai gardening. Since this artistically expressive method of growing and training miniature trees has been practiced for centuries in Asian cultures, it is not unusual to find Chinese Elms, Japanese Maples or Bamboo. Traditional Japanese plantings included plum, cherry and pine trees.

Various types of Bonsai trees can include popular shrubs, such as boxwood, yews and even, lilacs or hibiscus can be grown with these methods. While some people prefer evergreen species, such as Juniper, Cedars or Pines, you aren’t limited by the species of plants you select. In fact, you can turn a giant species, like a California Redwood or Sequoia, into a Bonsai tree!

It is possible to get Bonsai starter kits, but you can nurture your own saplings from starts found in your own backyard. Growing various types of Bonsai trees is a matter of personal preference, but you can attempt to miniaturize any species found in your local nursery or your neighbor’s backyard garden.…

Hummingbird Houses – A Shelter For The Birds And A Delight For You

Through the centuries, bird enthusiasts and other people have been putting up bird houses all over the country and all over the world. These bird houses are designed to attract different kinds of birds, and they are very helpful in enhancing your bird-watching experience.

One of the most intriguing and captivating birds to watch is the hummingbird. Hummingbirds are generally found in South America, and they are the smallest birds in the world. They are the only birds in the world that are able to fly backwards. Because of these characteristics, hummingbirds are among the most sought-after creatures of bird watchers everywhere.

In order to spend hours watching this delightful little bird, you would have to be able to make it stay in the same place for a long time. You can do this by creating a hummingbird house in your own backyard. This is a bird house specifically designed for the unusual hummingbird species.

You do not need to spend a lot to put up hummingbird houses. You can even make them yourself. Hummingbird houses are small, so you can use small boxes or even tin cans for this. When building hummingbird houses, just remember that if your open hand can fit in the box, then it is big enough for the hummingbird.

In order to prevent other birds from crashing your hummingbird house, make sure that the opening is only big enough for a hummingbird.

Hummingbird houses are quite tiny, and it is rather hard to see them once they are in position. Typically, hummingbird houses are placed on the trees themselves, very near the tree trunk. However, they can also be put up practically anywhere else in your backyard, such as under the roof of your house, or on other tall plants in the garden. Just make sure that the hummingbird houses are out of reach of cats and other house pets on the ground.

The best way to attract hummingbirds, though, is to place your hummingbird houses near flowering plants. Hummingbirds like hovering near flowers because they feed on the nectar of the flower. These birds are most attracted to colorful flowers like the trumpet vine and honeysuckle.

Your hummingbird house will also be more attractive to the tiny critters if you put hummingbird nectar inside. Make sure you do not offer them sugar water because this might cause fungus on their beaks, and could even be potentially lethal to the little birds.…

When Landscaping Your Garden, Don’t Forget the Garden Furniture

Planning and landscaping a garden is fun and adds so much enjoyment and beauty to your home. While we usually think of landscaping as planning the placement of our flowers and plants, choosing our flowers and plants and then getting everything planted, another part of planning your garden should be considering what kind of garden furniture may be included in the landscaping of your garden.

What better way to enjoy your garden than to provide seating in various areas of your garden. Garden benches can be strategically placed to provide seating in the most beautiful areas of your garden. Place a garden bench in a sunny area for enjoying your garden in the Winter, Spring and Autumn. For enjoyment during the Summer, choose a nice shady place. This will maximize the seating for year-round enjoyment of your garden. There are many styles of benches that you can purchase; wave benches, backless benches, market benches, quarter-round benches and arbor benches. Quarter-round benches make perfect seating when placed at the base of a tree. If your garden has very little shade, an arbor bench will provide some shade and seating, as well as a place for vining plants to wind their way upward.

Another way to enjoy your garden is placing swings throughout your garden. A garden swing or Pergola swing would be an excellent addition to your garden. Swings provide comfortable seating and a wonderful place to laze away the time on a beautiful day. A porch swing can also provide seating for enjoying your garden. Porch swings and garden swings have a long history of bringing family and friends together. Don’t forget to include them in your landscaping plans.

Another nice way to enjoy your garden is to provide an area for garden dining with family and friends using wood outdoor tables, chairs and market tables. Outdoor wood tables, chairs and market tables come in a variety of sizes and styles and are excellent for garden dining. Many wood outdoor tables and chairs will also fold for easy storage if you prefer to put them away when not in use. If your garden does not have much shade, most wood outdoor tables come with an option for an umbrella hole. A colorful umbrella will add shade and additional beauty to your garden.

When you purchase your wood garden furniture, you want to get furniture made from wood that is durable, long lasting, weather resistant and rot resistant. Western Red Cedar and Java Plantation Indonesian Teak are two of the most popular woods that meet all the criteria for garden furniture. Not only are both these woods weather resistant, rot resistant, insect resistant, and long lasting, they are almost maintenance free. All of this in a wood that is also beautiful and elegant, making Western Red Cedar and Indonesian Teak outdoor furniture most desirable for the garden.…

Amazing Tips on Herb Garden Designs

Certain questions enter into the mind of a person when thinking about herb garden designs. They usually think about the space and appropriate herbs. Sometimes it will just end up by disregarding what they want to do because of many things that they consider. It will be easy if you, yourself is willing and determined to do so.

In herb garden designs, you must consider the things that you need to produce a good output on it. If you do so, it will be profitable to you and it can be fun, adding happiness to your life.

There are many options where to grow your herbs. Others want it to grow in a box because of limited space. In contrast, others want to have a larger herbal garden because of course of their big space. Because you choose to plant herbs, either of the two would create a useful and beautiful garden. It can be enchanting like as fairy tales and useful as medicine kit.

You must consider many factors in herb garden designs. It can be the available space you have; your own style or the style you want, the herbs you wanted to plant and others that would make your garden unique and beautiful. Your desired style or design should of course aggregate the design of your home. You must also consider that the design you choose may reflect your personality as a human being.

When considering herb garden designs for small gardens with limited space, it is advisable to use tiered planters. Why? Because by using that method, you can gain more space or bigger planting area from your limited space. I can assure that it is the best thing you must do if you only have small space. On the other hand, if you have a big space for your herbal garden, you must go with the square garden common to English style.

Another thing about choosing the location for your herbal garden is that, you must choose a sunny spot area. We all know that vegetables need sunlight for them to grow. Moreover, most of all it must be near your water supply. In addition, you need to consider the variety or types of a certain vegetable. Some of them may grow and grow if you allow them while others may become grass like, low but full to the ground. Some may require more sunlight than others. Therefore, you need to plan about its variety.

In herb garden designs, you must also consider your purpose of having an herbal garden. Do you want plants with medicinal remedies? Or maybe you just want a beautiful and unique place for you to take good care of? If you want to design a beautiful and unique herbal garden considering all the factors that I have mentioned, you must prepare a great plan for you to be successful. Think of an objective for your plan and list the steps you want to do before doing it in hand. Prepare …