Housebreaking A Backsliding Puppy Or Dog

Housebreaking leads the pack in terms of being the topic that I receive the most questions on, hands down. The key is really to make sure you are following a consistent plan. Consistency will make housebreaking your dog or puppy as simple as it can be. However, housebreaking is still tough. And it’s not something you’re going to accomplish overnight, or even in one week, despite some of the ads you may see online stating that you can. Housebreaking is a process. Your dog must learn through conditioning where it is and is not appropriate to go potty.

Even if you’re following all the steps you can still run into unexpected setbacks in the housebreaking process, namely when your dog starts using the bathroom indoors again after they seemingly had housebreaking down solid or when your dog starts using the bathroom in their crate. There are different processes for handling these issues so I’ll address them separately, starting with dealing with a dog that has started pottying indoors after you thought they were fully housebroken.

Before we dive in to housebreaking, keep this in mind… even the best trained dogs will have accidents. The goal is for it to be so occasional that you can’t remember 2 of the last 3 times it happened. Even my 11 year old dog surprised me a few months ago with a runny, little present near my backdoor after having been housebroken for a decade! In that instance the accident was totally my fault. I’d gone out of town overnight and she didn’t have anywhere else to go. Keep this in mind when you’re potty training your dog or puppy because a single accident may not mean your dog has completely relapsed. However, if you’re dealing with accident number 2 or more in a short time span you need to take action immediately to prevent any further problems.

The common reasoning I hear from owners when they’re dog starts to backslide on potty training is that the dog is angry, or doing it out of spite or to “get back” at the owner for some injustice done to them. I’m guilty of having these thoughts before too but the quickest way to a solution is to let go of that line of thinking and adopt the mantra that your dog doesn’t do things out of spite or hatred of you. Dogs generally want their owners to be happy. They’re pack animals and they want to be in a happy, cohesive pack. They also don’t have the same feelings a human does and they don’t hold grudges or act out of spite.

It’s actually quite simple… from the dog’s perspective. He thinks he’s supposed to go in the house now… he’s done it so many times now with no correction (or the wrong type of correction).

That means that when you cannot watch your dog he needs to be crated or confined so that he has no accidents and he should have very limited access …

How to Finish Wood – Varnish Or Seal?

Being involved in DIY workshops I am often asked about the difference between whether to varnish or seal a finished project. Both are excellent finishing techniques – when applied in the right circumstances.

Did you know that the internal structure of wood contains thousands of microscopic cells or tubes that run up and down the grain of the timber. These tubes carry nutrients that are essential for tree growth and, once cut and dried, they continue to expand and contract under conditions of high moisture and humidity.

Even after a synthetic finish has been applied to the surface of wood, the wood continues to expand and contract depending upon the external ambient conditions in which it is placed. It is not a process that you are going to notice but there are some obvious indicators that this is happening. In very wet weather you may find that a exterior door, garage door, or even a timber gate, will swell and stick, or you may struggle to open a timber window. This is due to the fact that the wood has swollen (expanded) as a result of excess moisture being absorbed into the wood. The swollen wood will eventually dry out and revert back to its original shape, although sometimes a bit of sanding down may be required.

Taking the above into consideration, when deciding what finish to apply to your wood projects it helps to know a few facts beforehand.

What is varnish?

Varnish is a blend of resins and oils that are applied to the surface of wood to provide a protective layer against damage. Varnish is available in various formulations from gloss and semi-gloss to a matt finish. The most common varnish used today is polyurethane varnish.

Varnish does not penetrate into the wood, rather the first coat of varnish blocks the surface of wood to offer protection from ambient moisture. However, due to the constant expansion and contraction of timber, over time the varnish layer may crack and perish allowing moisture to gain access to the wood and further exacerbating the problem.

What is sealer?

Sealer is combination of resins and oils, but with a lower viscosity than varnish, which means that sealer actually penetrates into the wood itself to nourish and protect from within – rather than on top. It is essential to apply three coats of sealer to wood surfaces, as the first coat penetrates into the wood, the second coat bonds with the first layer to form a seal, and the third and final coat provides a surface that is heat, scratch and water resistant.

Sealer can be applied to almost any timber surface – interior or exterior – and there are various types of varnish specifically designed for interior or exterior conditions. UV stabilisers are added to exterior sealers to protect against sunlight and some even contain mould and fungus inhibitors. Before applying any sealer to your exterior timber be sure to check the label that the sealer meets with all your local …

The Importance of Good Kitchen Lighting

With the kitchen being one of the most traveled rooms in many homes, good kitchen lighting is important to its overall design and feeling.

The practice of implementing good lighting design is a popular and cost effective project that many homeowners choose to underake in order to give their kitchens an extra personal touch and have it stand out from others.

There are several places, many of which some do not ever consider, to add lighting. Did you ever think about kitchen lighting or kitchen lighting over the sink? These are just two places where extra lighting to go in order to accent your appliances and other kitchen fixtures.

Through the right design decisions, you can improve your kitchen's look and create a positive ambiance that you, your family and guests will greatly appreciate.

In order to do that, however, it's important to know what the different types of kitchen lighting are and how they are typically implemented into the design of a kitchen.

The four types of lighting to consider before beginning a kitchen remodeling project are task lighting, ambient lighting, decorative lighting and accent lighting. Each of these types of lighting serves a different purpose than the others, so getting acquainted with each one would be to your advantage while you're in the planning stages of your project.

Ambient lighting is often the most prevalent type of lighting. Its low intensity creates a soft glow that makes it safe to work in most areas of the kitchen. Many people associate ambient lighting with setting the mood in a room not just in kitchens, but in places like restaurants and bars as well. The right amount of ambient light can make a room welcoming and homely.

Task lighting is a type of kitchen lighting that provides a more high intensity glow. It's because of this task task lighting is often limited to places like the sink and cabinets, where being able to see is important. To get the most use out of this type of lighting, look into putting it not only over your sink, but over type other heavy-use kitchen items like cutting boards and stoves as well.

Accent lighting is designed to show things off. If you have an expensive new refrigerator or another item in your kitchen such as rare dishware that you want people to notice, then this is the type of lighting to use for that. It does not make the working areas of your kitchen more functional places, but its aesthetic value has made it popular with homeowners performing kitchen renovations nonetheless.

Lastly, there is decorative lighting. This type of kitchen lighting allows you to make the space truly your own. Whatever the design of the lights, it's important to remember the old adage of "less is more" with decorative lighting. Overdoing it with decorative lighting can make for a gaudy and flashy appearance whereas a minimalist approach can bring an understated refinement to the room. …

6 Home Buying Considerations Other Than The House

We often focus on the bones – of – a – house, when deciding whether to purchase a particular residence, but, while that’s essential, an educated home buyer, recognizes and realizes, there are other relevant considerations, as well. In fact, before one, should even view and/ or consider a particular house, he should thoroughly consider these factors, to ensue he will also be happy, and satisfied, living there. With that, in mind, this article will attempt to briefly, examine, review, and discuss, 6 important home buying considerations.

1. Location/ convenience: A central premise in real estate, is, Location, location, location. The greatest house, in a less – than – optimal neighborhood, and/ or area/ location. serves very little positive, productive purpose! Some of the factors included in this sub – topic, include: Does it meet your personal needs?; Does it simplify or complicate your life/ existence?; Are the things, you personally, prioritize, readily available, and convenient, in this location?

2. Safety: Check the safety statistics of the areas, you are considering. What are the crime rates, relative to other alternatives? How safe does the area make you feel? Will your house be safe, largely free – of – crime, and is there, little crime, vandalism, etc, in this vicinity? Who wants to live somewhere, where he feels unsafe, and/ or insecure?

3. Education: Whether you have school – aged children, or, simply, want to assist your future ability to re – sell the house, the local school system, must be, both, actually, as well as perceived as, being superior, and above – average! If you have children, you want them to get the best education, possible, from the local schools, wouldn’t you?

4. Transportation: Since many individuals commute to work, the ease, quality and/ or convenience of mass transit, is often a relevant factor. In addition, how easily can one get to places of interest, including shopping, the arts, etc?

5. Shopping: Most people want their essential shopping, to be as easy and simple, as possible! Especially when this comes to food shopping, pharmacies, and conveniences, individuals would rather, not have to go out of their way, to do, what they feel, most essential.

6. Specific neighborhood: Even within the same, basic area, there are often significant differences, from neighborhood, to neighborhood. Where I reside, some people live uptown, while others prefer living near the water. Depending on one’s personal priorities, and preferences, this often makes, a significant difference, in where one wants to live. Speak to some of the neighbors, and determine, if you’d like to live there!

Using these 6 home – buying considerations, often, help people determine the best place, for them, to live. Will you do what’s in your personal, best interest?…

Raised Bed Gardening A Gardening Idea For This Weekend

Raised Bed Gardening What do you mean by raised beds ? A raised bed is a framed planting area which the soil exists above the surrounding ground level. The bed size is anything that enables you to work on without stepping directly onto the bed of soil itself. Why have raised bed gardens ? There are many reasons people decide to make use of raised bed gardens. For example: raised bed gardening gives you much better soil conditions. Pests are far easier to control. If the raised bed is at least 2 feet or 60cm high then you will have a better back with far less bending to dig or harvest crops. And finally you will conserve water as more water reaches the plant roots meaning you use less. Every time you walk up and down a non raised bed garden you typically compress the soil.

Occasionally the earth becomes hard and compacted creating various problems for plant roots, drainage problems and of course future digging difficulties. How do I make a raised bed garden? You can make frames out of old railway sleepers for that chunky look or old floorboard planks. However it is better to use pressure treated timber. As this will last longer and there will be less danger of damage to the crops from using preserving treatments like creosote. Mark out where you would like to place these raised beds by using flour, sand or even lay out a hosepipe. Then knock in some short stakes of 12 inches or 30cms at each corner. Tie string between the stakes to work out your levels.

Then fix the frame to the stakes. Remove any vegetation by digging it out or using sheets of old cardboard. The cardboard can be left in place for a few months and then removed or if it is thin enough it can be left there as it will eventually rot away. The frame can now be filled with soil up to the level edge of the frame.Try not to make the bed more than 4ft or just over a meter in width. Or if you do then you must have a plank of wood to stand on that is long enough to rest on the edges of the frame. You can have the length any with the only limitation being the length of the garden or plot. For low growing crops it is best to have the beds in a north south orientation as this way the plants will get maximum light exposure on both sides of the bed. Taller crops such as runner beans would be better in an east west configuration with ground level crops on the south side.Here is a project for you this weekend. The simple guide to creating a raised bed garden .

Black Ants – Get Rid of This Household Menace

Do you have black ants? Get rid of black ants by following the procedures laid out in this article.

Most black ants are Carpenter Ants. Carpenter Ants do not eat wood, but they will tunnel into it. They use the soft, decaying wood to make their nests.

You can’t just spray black ants. Get rid of this household menace by putting out bait for them to take back to the nest. When you spray, you only kill the ants you can see, but when you put out bait, you can kill off an entire colony.

While there are commercial baits, these use harsh chemicals that can harm children and pets. Instead, use a natural remedy deal with black ants. Get rid of black ants using a bait of Cream of Wheat. The dry cereal is carried back to the nest by the worker ants. All the ants in the nest eat the Cream of Wheat and when they ingest it, the cereal interacts with the body juices of the ant and the ant explodes.

If you do want to spray the visible ants, that’s okay, but don’t use a toxic commercial product. You can mix a few drops of peppermint essential oil with water in a spray jar and spray the ants with that mixture. It works as well as the commercial stuff without leaving a dangerous chemical residue behind.

Do you want to permanently eliminate black ants? Get rid of Carpenter Ants by leaving coffee granules around the kitchen. The ants won’t come near dry coffee.…

Types Of Kitchen Cabinets Explained

The kitchen cabinet which was basically designed to store kitchen appliances has evolved tremendously during the last few decades. Today’s kitchen cabinets are worlds apart from the cabinets 20-30 years ago. In this article we are going to talk about different types of kitchen cabinets which are currently available in the market.

A kitchen cabinet falls into three different groups which are based on their shape and specifications.

Base cabinets:

These are perhaps the most common type of cabinets available in the market. The base cabinet rests on the floor and usually have a counter top. These are the most preferred piece of furniture for flats and apartments which usually have very moderate kitchen space.

The height of this cabinet is around 34 inches to 36 inches. The depth can vary anywhere from 24 inches to 30 inches. It usually has a single door and some newer models can have a double door and the inside of the cabinet can either have shelves or multiple stacked drawers. This is the most preferred kitchen cabinet mainly because of its simpler design.

Many altered versions of base cabinets are also available in the market. The most popular ones are the sink base and the corner base. The sink bases are probably the most commonly purchased kitchen cabinets in the world. It usually has a false drawer and an open area where the plumbing work is hidden. A corner base on the other hand is just like any other shelf which is mainly used to store some day-to-day stuff which are commonly used around the kitchen.

Wall cabinets:

These cabinets are designed in such a way that it can either be integrated in the wall or simply hung on the wall. They are essentially shaped like a base cabinet, the only difference is that these are mainly used like an overhead cabinet for storing things in the kitchen. These cabinets are unique and are commonly used in apartments or individual houses. The most common thing that one needs to consider when they are buying this type of cabinet is the height of the kitchen ceiling and the person’s height. You do not want to end up buying a tall cabinet and not being able to reach the top shelf. So make sure you buy a cabinet so that you can use all the shelves and drawers of the cabinet with ease.

The factory standard height of this furniture ranges from 12 inches to 42 inches. The depth of these cabinets is somewhere around 12 inches to 18 inches.

Tall cabinets:

These are thin and long cabinets. These are essentially like a closet. They are very ideal for narrow spaces. This tall cabinet offers enough places to store many things. The industrial dimensions for this cabinet are 84 inches to 94 inches in length and 12 inches to 18 inches in-depth.…

Types of Vinyl Windows You Must Know

If you are interested in making you home look beautiful and artistic, why do not you install vinyl windows and make it look the way you want? The custom made vinyl windows will surely give a special and attractive look to the rooms of your house.

Well, there are many types of vinyl windows and you must know little details about them before you choose one. Here are the types of vinyl windows and you can choose any one of them to suit your personality and artistic design.

Casements:

You can make single or double glass window panes using the casement design. One side of this width will be fixed and you can open it from the other side. In fact, the size of this window is large and you can easily allow fresh air come into your room. In addition to it, your room will also look bright with the light that seeps through the window panes. It adds to the elegance of your interior design and it has an absolute unique value than the other windows.

Sliders:

If you have little space, you can install this sliding vinyl window. It gives a stylish look to the interiors of your house and they can be moved from both sides. The window sashes can be move one behind the other pane.

Bow window:

Have you ever heard about it? Well, this is designed to give a look of a bow as it is curved at the upper end. They are usually large in size and you can get lots of fresh air and light into the rooms of your house. They mainly have two sets of sashes and it gives an extra look to the interior design of your house.

Double hung windows:

If your house is large in size, you can not fix small windows as it will spoil its look. For large houses, double hung windows are the perfect match. It not only adds to the beauty of your house but also gives sufficient ventilation for the rooms of your house. The large sized window sashes can be moved vertically and very less space is occupied.

Bay windows:

Bay windows give classic look to the rooms of your house. If you want the interiors of your house to be designed according to your plan, bay windows will not let you down. They are perfect for letting fresh air as well as light come into your room. …

Home Fire Safety – Interior Stairway Design Fire Safety Guidelines

INTRODUCTION

This article is about custom home designing fire safety in an interior stairway.

As to home fire safety in home building plans, much codified ado is made of fire-blocking wall and floor structure, but not much at all on stairway design and stairway construction.

Comment: This codified ado even sort-of includes home fire safety in regard to stairway structure. See IRC 2003, R311.2.2 “Under stair protection. Enclosed accessible space under stairs shall have walls, under stair surface and any soffits protected on the enclosed side with ½-inch (12.7mm) gypsum board.” For fire safety in stairway design and stairway construction, it’s a beginning. Note, please, that there’s no mention of fire-rated gypsum board and heavier weight material as are referenced elsewhere – and have been for quite a long while – for garage wall and ceiling surfaces abutting habitable space.

IMPORTANT DIGRESSION

And there are the high-value references to smoke alarms in home fire safety building codes nationwide, references albeit at minimum levels of materials and methods, in the author’s opinion.

Comment: Minimums? That’s what this custom home designer thinks. Following are designer house plan set stipulations that may be written into smoke alarm methods and materials to extend home fire safety codified minimums. Each alarm shall run on both permanent 120V and replaceable battery, shall feature a combination of ionization and photoelectric sensors. None shall disconnect by wall switch. Each shall connect to a 120V line as first load on a frequently used lighting circuit with overcurrent protection at the panelboard suitable for a double tap. For sleeping areas, an alarm shall be installed according to manufacturer’s specifications on either side of any passage between a sleeping area and a path to egress

HOME FIRE SAFETY – STAIRWAY DESIGN AND STAIRWAY CONSTRUCTION PROLOGUE

So, what about the eminently more airflow-permissive stairwell itself?

In a house aflame, a residential interior stairway can occasion two events: the passage of both occupants to safety and firemen for the sake of safety and the passage of smoke and flame between interior floor levels.

Comment: It might seem as though interior stairway design and stairway construction, this key locus of interior structure in interior fire conditions – good (human transport) and bad (smoke and fire transport) – is at least largely forsaken by residential building authorities having jurisdiction.

WHAT TO DO? WHAT TO DO?

In regard to stairwells, that is stairwell design and stairwell construction, what’s at stake is fire-degraded stairway construction, wood stud walls and wood ceiling joists collapsing within the stairwell, engaging stairway and its contents, including people contents, and thereby precluding occupants’ easy physical movement between floor levels.

HOME FIRE SAFETY – INTERIOR STAIRWAY DESIGN FIRE SAFETY GUIDELINES

A residential, interior stairway, other than a spiral stairway – below the stair stringer shall be sheathed from outer stair stringer to outer stair stringer including header cleat with not less than 1 layer of 5/8″ Type-X gypsum board glued, screwed, and taped. It shall be mudded not less than 3 coats, paying …

Kitchen Carts – Turn your Entertaining Area Into an Arena

In a time when kitchen gatherings are fast becoming the en vogue method for entertaining, kitchen space is paramount. The need for organizational structure, convenience, and freedom to move about the kitchen are priorities atop most household lists. Our society is growing more streamlined, and therefore so are our lives. We find the need to not only bake cookies and create theme-inspired meals, but the need to create the space to enjoy our family gatherings. Recent trends in kitchen design are incorporating kitchen carts for just this purpose, and the modern kitchen carts have been successful in adding the space, storage, and convenience we need to turn this room into the cooking and entertaining arena we're searching for.

A variety of kitchen carts exist on the market today. Rolling carts feature mobility, an important function to consider when buying. These kitchen carts also lock for stability when necessary. They are portable and can operate as both a serving cart for guests or as a storage device when not in use. Microwave carts are another form of kitchen cart and are very popular. These carts help eliminate the need to utilize counter space and instead offer easy access to the microwave while providing much needed storage space in its cabinets. Butcher block kitchen carts are equally growing in popularity. As kitchen carts with at least two inches of wooden cutting area on top, these carts are available with both mobile and stationary options. They make space available for food preparation, and since they contain high-quality, thick butcher block wood, these carts also do not scratch or chip.

Kitchen carts also exist in the form of kitchen islands or tables. Kitchen islands are kitchen carts for larger spaces and can be positioned in other rooms of the house. This kitchen cart features more storage and ample work space and can double as a breakfast bar or seating area. Kitchen carts designed as tables are equally versatile. They present longer surface areas for ideal kitchen work space and often have multiple layers for storage. Kitchen carts in this category are great for time when more people want to assist in the food preparation.

Since, there are a number of different types of kitchen carts, prioritizing your kitchen, cooking, and space needs is the best way to approach when making a decision. How much space is needed? What sizes of cart can the kitchen accommodate? What is the design of the kitchen? What primary functions will the kitchen cart serve? Does the kitchen cart need to be stationary or mobile? All of these questions will assist the buyer in selecting the most functional and aesthetic kitchen cart for their home. …